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PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

SECOND DIVISION

[G.R. No. 7089. March 29, 1912. ]

JOSE T. PATERNO, executor, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. PEDRO AGUILA, Defendant-Appellant.

[G.R. No. 6599. March 29, 1912. ]

PEDRO AGUILA, Petitioner, v. JOSE T. PATERNO, executor, ET AL., Respondents.

Buencamino, Diokno, Buencamino Jr. & Lontok, for appellant and petitioner.

Manuel Torres, for appellee and respondents.

SYLLABUS


1. JUDGMENT; WRIT OF EXECUTION ISSUED WITHOUT AUTHORITY. — Adhering to the doctrine laid down in Compañia General de Tabacos v. Martinez (17 Phil. Rep., 160), held, that a writ of execution was issued improvidently and without lawful authority and was therefore invalid ab initio, it appearing that it issued out of the Court of First Instance of Manila on the 1st of September 1910, upon a final judgment rendered by one of the Courts of First Instance of Manila under Spanish sovereignty on the 7th of February, 1889. (Secs. 38, 443, and 447, Code of Civil Procedure.)

2. REGISTRATION OF APPLICATION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION. — An application for a preliminary injunction submitted to this court after the appeal of the case of which it is an incident has been perfected in the court below, but pending the proceedings in the court below for the preparation, approval and transmission of the bill of exceptions to this court, should be registered in the clerk’s office of this court under the same title and number as the principal case of which it is an incident, and the clerk having recovered the fee for the filing of such an application is not entitled to recover a separate fee when the bill of exceptions in the principal case is presented.


D E C I S I O N


CARSON, J.:


The real question at issue in these proceedings is the validity of a writ of execution issued out of the Court of First Instance of Manila on the 1st of September, 1910, upon a final judgment rendered by one of the Courts of First Instance of Manila under Spanish sovereignty on the 7th of February, 1889. This precise question was definitely settled in the case of the Compañia General de Tabacos v. Martinez, reported in 17 Phil. Rep., 160. Following the doctrine laid down in that case we hold that the judgment in the case at bar having been entered before the new Code of Civil Procedure (Act No. 190) went into effect (Oct. 1, 1901), and more than five years having elapsed from that date until the date of the issuance of the writ of execution, the court below had no jurisdiction in the premises, and the writ was therefore invalid ab initio, having been issued improvidently and without lawful authority. (Secs. 38, 443, and 447, Code of Civil Procedure.)

The proceedings had in this court in bringing the questions involved to an issue were somewhat irregular. We have heretofore directed that the proceedings respectively entered under register numbers 6599 and 7089 be consolidated and heard together, since they are in fact a single case; that is to say, the appeal brought here on a bill of exceptions bearing register number 7089, of which the application for a preliminary injunction bearing register number 6599 is a mere incident. They ought to have been treated originally as a single case and registered under the same title and number, paying but a single filing fee in the clerk’s office of this court. The confusion seems to have arisen as a result of the fact that although the application for a preliminary injunction was submitted to this court after the appeal in the case of which it is an incident had been perfected in the court below, it was filed in the clerk’s office of this court pending the proceedings in the court below for the preparation, approval and transmission of the bill of exceptions to this court.

Notwithstanding resultant irregularities in the proceedings had in this court, we think that both parties have had full opportunity to be heard upon the real questions at issue, and that the whole case may fairly be taken as at issue and submitted for final adjudication.

Twenty days hereafter let judgment be entered reversing the decree of the Court of First Instance of Manila dated November 19, 1910, whereby that court declined to suspend the proceedings then pending upon the invalid and improvidently issued writ of execution, without special condemnation of costs in this instance; and ten days thereafter let the record be returned to the court wherein it originated, where a new order will issue having due regard to the rules laid down in the case of Compañia General de Tabacos v. Martinez (17 Phil. Rep., 160) and to the actual status of the proceedings as they may be shown to be at the time when such order is entered. So ordered.

Mapa, Moreland, and Trent, JJ., concur.

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