G.R. No. 199433 : November 13, 2012
ISABELITA P. GRAVIDES, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS and PEDRO C. BORJAL, Respondents.
D E C I S I O N
VILLARAMA, JR, J.:
This Rule 65 petition for certiorari seeks to annul and set aside the following issuances by public respondent Commission on Elections (COMELEC): (1) Resolution1Ï‚rÎ½ll dated August 25, 2011 of the First Division granting the appeal of private respondent Pedro C. Borjal (Borjal) from the December 7, 2010 Order2Ï‚rÎ½ll of the Metropolitan Trial Court (MeTC) Quezon City, Branch 33 in EPC No. 10-1313; (2) Order3Ï‚rÎ½ll dated November 23, 2011 of the Commission En Banc denying the motion for reconsideration filed by petitioner Isabelita P. Gravides (Gravides); and (3) Entry of Judgment4Ï‚rÎ½ll dated November 24, 2011 declaring that the Resolution dated August 25, 2011 had become final and executory as of September 17, 2011.
Borjal and Gravides both ran for the position of Punong Barangay of Barangay U.P. Campus in Diliman, Quezon City during the October 25, 2010 Barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Elections. Results of the elections showed that Gravides garnered a total of 2,322 votes as against Borjals 2,320 votes. On October 26, 2010, the Barangay Board of Canvassers (BBOC) officially proclaimed Gravides as the winning candidate for the said post.
On November 5, 2010, Borjal filed an Election Protest5alleging the following irregularities and violation of election laws:
7.1 Harassment, corruption, and anomalous activities committed by the BET and the Barangay Board of Canvassers.
7.2 Valid votes cast in favor of protestant were misread and misappreciated by the Board of Election Tellers (BET). For instance, several ballots containing wrong spelling (but with the same sound when read) of protestants surname were not counted, there being no candidate with the surname when read.
7.3 Valid votes for protestant were erroneously counted/tallied in the election returns and/or erroneously tallied as votes of protestee and other candidates. Such that protestee and other candidates seemed to have received more votes than those actually cast in their favor.
7.4 Falsification, alteration, and manipulation of the votes and related data in the election returns.
7.5 Valid votes in favor of protestant were not counted or were considered stray and rejected. For instance, several ballots containing protestants registered nickname "Doc" were not counted for protestant, there being no candidate with the same nickname. On the other hand, invalid ballots such as spurious and those containing markings to identify the ballots/voters, or with irrelevant, derogatory writings or drawings were counted in favor of protestee and other winning candidates.
7.6 The use of either fake, spurious ballots or genuine but manufactured ballots to increase protestees votes.
7.7 Invalid ballots (prepared by persons other than the voters themselves) such as written-by-one person (WBO) and/or individual ballots written-by-two persons (WBT) containing protestees name were counted as valid votes for protestee and other winning candidates.6Ï‚rÎ½ll
Borjal thus asserted that there is a need for revision, re-appreciation of ballots, judicial recount and thorough scrutiny of the election returns and minutes of voting in the protested precincts, the results of which will change the election sufficient to overcome the presumptive lead of the declared winner.
Gravides filed her Answer with Compulsory Counterclaim7Ï‚rÎ½ll denying the allegations of fraud, vote manipulation, misreading/misappreciation of ballots and other irregularities in the counting and tallying of votes, committed either by her or by the Board of Election Tellers (BET)/BBOC.
She pointed out that the protest failed to provide a detailed specification of the acts or omissions complained of, which would show the alleged fraud or irregularities in the protested precincts. Such general and sweeping allegations violate the provisions of A.M. No. 07-4-15-SC8Ï‚rÎ½ll or the Rules of Procedure in Election Contests Before the Courts Involving Elective Municipal and Barangay Officials, including non-compliance with the requirement of cash deposit. Neither Borjal nor his watchers filed a challenge or raised any issue with the BET or BBOC on the integrity of the ballots during the voting and counting of votes in accordance with Sections 202 and 203 of Batas Pambansa Blg. 881, as evidenced by the Minutes of Voting and Counting of Votes.
On November 15, 2010, the MeTC issued a Notice of Pre-Trial Conference stating:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
This Court sets the case for preliminary conference on the 18th day of November 2010 at 2:00 oclock in the morning in the Session Hall of this Branch, Room 312, Third Floor, Hall of Justice, Quezon City.
In order to assist the Court in conducting the Preliminary Conference, parties are enjoined to be ready on that date regarding the following:
1. A statement whether the parties have arrived at an amicable settlement, and if so, the terms thereof;
2. Intention to refer the case for mediation;
3. A Summary of admitted facts and proposed stipulation of facts;
4. The issues to be resolved or a clear specification of material facts which remain controverted;
5. Such other matter intended to expedite the disposition of the case.
The counsel served with this Notice is duty bound to notify the party represented by him of the schedule of Preliminary Conference. Failure of the plaintiff or the defendant to appear in the preliminary conference shall respectively be cause for dismissal of his/her case or a summary judgment based solely on the complaint in accordance with Rule 70, Sec. 8, par. 2 & 3 of the Rules of Civil Procedure.9Ï‚rÎ½ll
During the preliminary conference, Gravides moved for the dismissal of the election protest for non-compliance with Section 4, Rule 9 of A.M. No. 07-4-15-SC as to the contents of the preliminary conference brief. After considering the movants arguments and the counter-arguments of the opposing counsel, the MeTC resolved to grant the motion. The Order10Ï‚rÎ½ll dated December 7, 2010 thus ordered the dismissal of the election protest in accordance with the aforesaid provisions in relation to Sections 5 and 6 of the same Rule.
Borjal appealed the order of dismissal to the COMELEC arguing that the MeTC erred (1) in applying the Rules of Civil Procedure on the preliminary conference in the election protest and in misinforming him of the contents of a preliminary conference brief in its Notice of Pre-Trial Conference; (2) assuming said notice is not defective, it was issued prematurely, contrary to the mandate of Section 1, Rule 9 of A.M. No. 07-4-15-SC; (3) in applying the ruling in Cabrera v. COMELEC11Ï‚rÎ½ll considering that the factual circumstances are not foursquare with the present case; and (4) in dismissing the election protest by holding that his Preliminary Conference Brief failed to comply with the required contents under Section 4, Rule 9 of A.M. No. 07-4-15-SC.12Ï‚rÎ½ll
In its Resolution dated August 25, 2011, the COMELECs First Division granted the appeal, annulled the December 7, 2010 Order of the MeTC and remanded the case for further proceedings. In finding for Borjal, the First Division held:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
First, the assailed Order of the court a quo declared the Preliminary Conference Brief of Borjal non-compliant with Section 4, Rule 9 of A.M. 07-4-15-SC in the following manner:
x x x
The court a quo, after stating the antecedent facts of the case, the contentions of each party, and the pertinent provisions of the rules, simply dismissed the election protest without specifying which of the required contents were lacking in Borjals Preliminary Conference Brief. It would appear, based on the courts Order, that the said brief did not at all contain the contents required in Section 4 of Rule 9.
Examination thereof reveals, however that the same has substantially complied with Section 4, Rule 9 of A.M. No. 07-4-15-SC.
In his Preliminary Conference Brief, Borjal stated a summary of admitted facts and proposed stipulation of facts; the issues to be tried or resolved; documents to be presented; witnesses to be presented; proposed number of revision committees; and a statement of his conformity to discovery procedures or referral to the commissioners to facilitate the speedy disposition of the case.
Apparently, what Borjal failed to include are statements of (1) a manifestation of withdrawal of certain protested precincts, if such is the case; and (2) in case the election protest or counter-protest seeks the examination, verification, or re-tabulation of election returns, the procedure to be followed.
Nonetheless, these omissions do not warrant the outright dismissal of the election protest. As explained by Borjals counsel during the preliminary conference, withdrawal of certain protested precincts will be made either after or during the revision.
Moreover, Borjals failure to provide for the procedure to be followed in case the election protest seeks the examination, verification or re-tabulation of election returns is not fatal. A reading of the election protest shows that Borjals allegations consist mainly of election irregularities and frauds that resulted to an incorrect number of votes pertaining to each candidate. Hence, Borjals prayer is for the recount/revision of the ballots to determine the correct number of votes cast in his favor.
Undoubtedly, Borjal does not seek the examination, verification or re-tabulation of the election returns; therefore, a statement for its procedure is not necessary in the instant case.
Second, it must be emphasized that Gravidez won by a lead of merely two (2) votes. Thus, should the allegation of Borjal that some votes cast in his favor were misread and misappreciated during the counting of votes appears to be true in at least two (2) ballots, the election result will be different, as the same will result in a tie. This fact should have been taken into consideration by the court a quo.
It bears stressing that blind adherence to a technicality, with the inevitable result of frustrating and nullifying the constitutionally guaranteed right of suffrage, cannot be countenanced. Likewise, it has been held that "on more than one occasion, this Court has recognized the emerging trend towards a liberal construction of procedural rules to serve substantial justice. Courts have the prerogative to relax rules of even the most mandatory character, mindful of the duty to reconcile both the need to speedily end litigation and the parties right to due process." While procedural rules are intended for the expeditious disposition of election cases, this should not impede this Commission from compliance with the established principles of fairness and justice and adjudication of cases not on technicality but on their substantive merits.
Finally, it is worth mentioning that the court a quo, in its "Notice of Pre-Trial Conference," required the parties to state in their respective preliminary conference briefs the following:
x x x
Noticeably, the court a quo overlooked the rule applicable in the instant case, i.e., Section 4, Rule 9 of A.M. No. 07-4-15-SC, as it failed to include all the matters required under the said rule. On the contrary the foregoing notice is more akin to the provision on pre-trial brief under the Rules on Civil Procedure. Notwithstanding this, the court a quo hastily dismissed the election protest for non-compliance with Section 4, Rule 9 of A.M. 07-4-15-SC.13Ï‚rÎ½ll (Underscoring in the original; additional emphasis supplied)
Gravides filed a motion for reconsideration which was denied by the Commission En Banc in its Order dated November 23, 2011. The denial of the motion was based on the failure to pay the required motion fees prescribed under Section 7(f), Rule 40, COMELEC Rules of Procedure, as amended by COMELEC Minute Resolution No. 02-130 dated September 18, 2002, in relation to Section 18 of the same Rule, to wit:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
It Motion for Reconsideration should be accompanied by the payment of the correct amount of motion fee and should be paid within the five (5)-day period for the filing of said motion.
There being no valid motion for reconsideration to speak of, the provision of Section 13, paragraph (c) Rule 18, Comelec Rules of Procedure applies, to wit:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
Rule 18 Decisions
x x x x x x x x x
"Sec. 13.Finality of Decisions or Resolutions.
x x x x x x x x x
(c) Unless a motion for reconsideration is seasonably filed, a decision or resolution of a Division shall become final and executory after the lapse of five (5) days in Special actions and Special cases and after fifteen (15) days in all other actions or proceedings, following its promulgation."
Hence, the Resolution of the Commission (First Division) promulgated on August 25, 2011, copy of which was received by protestee-appellees counsel on September 1, 2011, per admission in her Motion for Reconsideration filed on September 6, 2011, had become final and executoryas of September 17, 2011.14Ï‚rÎ½ll
Hence, this petition raising the following issues:
I. WHETHER PUBLIC RESPONDENT COMMITTED A GRAVE ABUSE OF DISCRETION AMOUNTING TO LACK OR EXCESS OF JURISDICTION WHEN IT ISSUED ITS RESOLUTION DATED AUGUST 25, 2011 IN CLEAR CONTRAVENTION OF SECTION 4 IN RELATION TO SECTIONS 5 AND 6, RULE 9 OF A.M. NO. 07-4-15-SC OR THE RULES OF PROCEDURE IN ELECTION CONTESTS BEFORE THE COURTS INVOLVING ELECTIVE MUNICIPAL AND BARANGAY OFFICIALS AND THE SUPREME COURT EN BANC RULING IN CABRERA VS. COMELEC (G.R. NO. 182084, OCTOBER 6, 2008).
II. WHETHER PUBLIC RESPONDENT COMMITTED A GRAVE ABUSE OF DISCRETION AMOUNTING TO LACK OR EXCESS OF JURISDICTION WHEN IT ISSUED ITS RESOLUTION DATED AUGUST 25, 2011 REVERSING THE DECISION OF BRANCH 33, METC QUEZON CITY JUDGE ALFREDO AMPUAN, WHICH WAS ISSUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH LAW.
III. WHETHER PUBLIC RESPONDENT COMMITTED A GRAVE ABUSE OF DISCRETION AMOUNTING TO LACK OR EXCESS OF JURISDICTION IN CONSIDERING THE NARROW LEAD OF PETITIONER OVER PRIVATE RESPONDENT IN REVERSING THE ORDER OF JUDGE AMPUAN DATED DECEMBER 7, 2010, DISMISSING THE ELECTION PROTEST OF PRIVATE RESPONDENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH LAW.
IV. WHETHER PUBLIC RESPONDENT COMMITTED A GRAVE ABUSE OF DISCRETION AMOUNTING TO LACK OR EXCESS OF JURISDICTION IN GIVING THE MANDATORY RULES GOVERNING THE FILING OF PRELIMINARY CONFERENCE BRIEFS AND ITS REQUIRED CONTENTS UNDER SECTION 4, RULE 9 OF A.M. NO.07-4-15-SC A LIBERAL CONSTRUCTION.
V. WHETHER PUBLIC RESPONDENT COMMITTED A GRAVE ABUSE OF DISCRETION AMOUNTING TO LACK OR EXCESS OF JURISDICTION WHEN IT BLAMED THE COURT A QUO FOR THE ABJECT FAILURE OF COUNSEL FOR PRIVATE RESPONDENT TO BE COGNIZANT OF THE MANDATORY REQUISITES UNDER SECTION 4, RULE 9 OF A.M. NO. 07-4-15-SC ON THE REQUIRED CONTENTS OF HIS PRELIMINARY CONFERENCE BRIEF.
VI. WHETHER PUBLIC RESPONDENT COMMITTED A GRAVE ABUSE OF DISCRETION AMOUNTING TO LACK OR EXCESS OF JURISDICTION WHEN IT ISSUED ITS ORDER DATED NOVEMBER 23, 2011 DENYING THE MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION OF PETITIONER DESPITE THE PLEA OF THE LATTER FOR A REVERSAL OF ITS RESOLUTION BECAUSE OF THE OPPORTUNITY OF COUNSEL FOR PRIVATE RESPONDENT, ATTY. MICHAEL D. VILLARET, WHO IS CURRENTLY EMPLOYED AS A MEMBER OF THE STAFF OF THE HON. COMELEC COMMISSIONER AUGUSTO LAGMAN, TO EXERCISE UNDUE INFLUENCE IN THE PREPARATION OF THE ASSAILED RESOLUTION, WHICH RENDERS ITS INTEGRITY, VALIDITY AND PROPRIETY DUBIOUS, SUSPECT AND QUESTIONABLE.15Ï‚rÎ½ll
The petition has no merit.
The pertinent provisions of Rule 9 of A.M. No. 07-4-15-SC state:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary
SEC. 4. Preliminary conference brief.The parties shall file with the court and serve on the adverse party, in such manner as shall ensure their receipt at least one day before the date of the preliminary conference, their respective briefs which shall contain the following:
(1) A summary of admitted facts and proposed stipulation of facts;
(2) The issues to be tried or resolved;
(3) The pre-marked documents or exhibits to be presented, stating their purpose;
(4) A manifestation of their having availed or their intention to avail themselves of discovery procedures or referral to commissioners;
(5) The number and names of the witnesses, their addresses, and the substance of their respective testimonies. The testimonies of the witnesses shall beby affidavits in question and answer form as their direct testimonies, subject to oral cross examination;
(6) A manifestation of withdrawal of certain protested or counter-protested precincts, if such is the case;
(7) The proposed number of revision committees and names of their revisors and alternate revisors; and
(8) In case the election protest or counter-protest seeks the examination, verification or re-tabulation of election returns, the procedure to be followed.
SEC. 5. Failure to file brief.Failure to file the brief or to comply with its required contents shall have the same effect as failure to appear at the preliminary conference.
SEC. 6. Effect of failure to appear.The failure of the protestantor counsel to appear at the preliminary conference shall be cause for dismissal, motu proprio, of the protest or counter-protest. The failure of the protestee or counsel to appear at the preliminary conference shall have the same effect as provided in Section 4(c), Rule 4 of these Rules, that is, the court may allow the protestant to present evidence ex parte and render judgment based on the evidence presented. (Emphasis supplied)
In Cabrera v. COMELEC,16Ï‚rÎ½ll this Court upheld the nullification by COMELEC of the RTC orders denying the motion to dismiss election protest on the ground that protestants preliminary conference brief did not contain the following: (1) a manifestation of his having availed or intention to avail of discovery procedures or referral to commissioners; (2) a manifestation of withdrawal of certain protested or counter-protested precincts, if such is the case; and, (3) in the event the protest or counter-protest seeks the examination, verification or re-tabulation of election returns, the procedure to be followed.
Rejecting petitioners proffered excuse for the foregoing omissions, we held that
The petitioners commitment that he does not seek the examination, verification or re-tabulation of election returns is belied by the preliminary conference briefs statement that the protestant shall present the election returns as documentary evidence, and that he will present witnesses who will testify that the entries thereon are erroneous. Clearly, the testimonies of these witnesses will entail the examination or verification of the election returns. Likewise, the petitioners undertaking that he does not intend to withdraw any of the protested precincts appears inconsistent with the allegation in the preliminary conference brief that protestant will present 22 witnesses (who served as watchers) to give evidence on alleged irregularities in the voting and counting in 22 precincts. Considering that there is a total of 142 precincts in the locality, and in fact, the ballots in 88 precincts had already been revised by the trial court, the probability is great that petitioner may have to withdraw some precincts from his protest.
The Rules should not be taken lightly. The Court has painstakingly crafted A.M. No. 07-4-15-SC precisely to curb the pernicious practice of prolonging election protests, a sizable number of which, in the past, were finally resolved only when the term of office was about to expire, or worse, had already expired. These Rules were purposely adopted to provide an expeditious and inexpensive procedure for the just determination of election cases before the courts. Thus, we emphasize that the preliminary conference and its governing rules are not mere technicalities which the parties may blithely ignore or trifle with. They are tools meant to expedite the disposition of election cases and must, perforce, be obeyed.17Ï‚rÎ½ll (Emphasis supplied)
Contrary to petitioners submissions, we find no grave abuse of discretion in the proper consideration by COMELEC of the attendant circumstances warranting a more reasonable and liberal application of the rules. Foremost of these is the fact that Borjal was misled by the Notice of Preliminary Conference issued by the MeTC which erroneously applied the provision on pre-trial brief under the Rules of Civil Procedure. The mistake committed by Borjals counsel in complying with the courts directive should not prejudice his cause, as no intent to unduly prolong the resolution of the election protest can be gleaned from his failure to include such manifestation of withdrawal of certain protested precincts and of the procedure to be followed in case the election protest seeks the examination, verification, or re-tabulation of election returns.
Another important consideration for the COMELEC was that, unlike in Cabrera where petitioner lost by 420 votes to the winning candidate, only two (2) votes separated the winning candidate Gravides from Borjal who placed second in the 2010 elections for Punong Barangay in Barangay U.P. Campus. There were also only 25 precincts subject of the protest out of the total 36 precincts, in the barangay, as against the 142 precincts protested in Cabrera. As COMELEC duly noted, the finding of just more than 2 misread or miscounted ballots during the revision or recount would be sufficient to overcome the lead of Gravides. The paramount interest of determining the true will of the electorate thus justified a relaxation of procedural rules.Indeed, an election protest is imbued with public interest so much so that the need to dispel uncertainties which becloud the real choice of the people is imperative.18Ï‚rÎ½ll
We likewise fail to discern whimsicality or arbitrariness in the denial of petitioners motion for reconsideration. Rule 40, Section 1819Ï‚rÎ½ll of the COMELEC Rules of Procedure gives discretion to the COMELEC En Banc either to refuse or to take action until the motion fee is paid, or to dismiss the action or proceeding.20Ï‚rÎ½ll
We stress that in a special civil action for certiorari, the petitioner carries the burden of proving not merely reversible error, but grave abuse of discretion amounting to lack or excess of jurisdiction, on the part of the public respondent for his issuance of the impugned order.21Ï‚rÎ½ll Grave abuse of discretion is present "when there is a capricious and whimsical exercise of judgment as is equivalent to lack of jurisdiction, such as where the power is exercised in an arbitrary or despotic manner by reason of passion or personal hostility, and it must be so patent and gross as to amount to an evasion of positive duty or to a virtual refusal to perform the duty enjoined or to act at all in contemplation of law."22Ï‚rÎ½ll In other words, the tribunal or administrative body must have issued the assailed decision, order or resolution in a capricious or despotic manner.23Ï‚rÎ½ll Petitioner failed to discharge that burden and perforce the petition must fail.Ï‚Î·Î±Î¿blÎµÎ½Î¹rÏ…Î±llÎ±Ï‰lÎ¹brÎ±r
WHEREFORE, premises considered, the petition for certiorari is DISMISSED. The Resolution dated August 25, 2011 of the COMELEC's First Division and Order dated November 23, 2011 of the COMELEC En Bane (EAC [BRGY-SK] NO. 32-2010), as well as the Entry of Judgment dated November 24, 2011 declaring that the Resolution dated August 25, 2011 had become final and executory as of September 17, 2011, are all AFFIRMED.
With costs against the petitioner.Ï‚rÎ±lÎ±Ï‰lÎ¹brÎ±r
1Ï‚rÎ½ll Rollo, pp. 38-45. Penned by Commissioner Armando C. Velasco and concurred in by Presiding Commissioner Rene V. Sarmiento and Commissioner Christian Robert S. Lim.
2Ï‚rÎ½ll Id. at 251-254. Penned by Judge Alfredo D. Ampuan.
3Ï‚rÎ½ll Id. at 46-48.
4Ï‚rÎ½ll Id. at 49.
5Ï‚rÎ½ll Id. at 52-57.
6Ï‚rÎ½ll Id. at 54-55.
7Ï‚rÎ½ll Id. at 64-78.
8Ï‚rÎ½ll Promulgated on April 24, 2007 and became effective on May 15, 2007.
9Ï‚rÎ½ll Rollo, p. 79.
10Ï‚rÎ½ll Supra note 2.
11Ï‚rÎ½ll G.R. No. 182084, October 6, 2008, 567 SCRA 686.
12Ï‚rÎ½ll Rollo, pp. 257-284.
13Ï‚rÎ½ll Id. at 42-44.
14Ï‚rÎ½ll Id. at 46-48.
15Ï‚rÎ½ll Id. at 178.
16Ï‚rÎ½ll Supra note 11 at 693.
17Ï‚rÎ½ll Id. at 694-695.
18Ï‚rÎ½ll Punzalan v. COMELEC, 352 Phil. 538, 556 (1998).
19Ï‚rÎ½ll Sec. 18, Rule 40 of the COMELEC Rules of Procedure provides:
Sec. 18. Non-payment of Prescribed Fees.If the fees above prescribed are not paid, the
Commission may refuse to take action thereon until they are paid and may dismiss the action or the proceeding.
20Ï‚rÎ½ll See Aguilar v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. 185140, June 30, 2009, 591 SCRA 491, 508.
21Ï‚rÎ½ll Duco v. Commission on Elections, First Division, G.R. No. 183366, August 19, 2009, 596 SCRA 573, 583-584, citing Suliguin v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. 166046, March 23, 2006, 485 SCRA 219, 233.
22Ï‚rÎ½ll Id. at 584, citing Reyes-Tabujara v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 172813, July 20, 2006, 495 SCRA 844, 857-858.
23Ï‚rÎ½ll Malinias v. COMELEC, 439 Phil. 319, 330 (2002).