Accused-appellant Sulpicio Capinig was indicted for the crime of Rape 1 before the Regional Trial Court of Masbate (Branch 46) 2 in an information 3 (docketed Criminal Case No. 6587) that read:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph
"That on or about February 2, 1992, in the evening thereof, at sitio Pisong, Barangay Jaboyo-an, Municipality of Aroroy, Province of Masbate, Philippines, within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused with lewd design and armed with a bolo, did then and there willfully, unlawfully and feloniously have carnal knowledge with Trinidad Abriol, a girl of 13 year old, against the latter’s will.
"Contrary to law." 4
The accused pleaded "not guilty" to the charge.
At the trial, evidence was adduced by the prosecution and the defense. Convinced that the case for the people had been sufficiently established, the trial court rendered a judgment of conviction; it concluded:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph
"WHEREFORE, in view of all the foregoing considerations, the Court finds accused Sulpicio Capinig guilty beyond reasonable doubt of the crime charged and hereby sentences him to suffer the penalty of RECLUSION PERPETUA and to indemnify the victim Trinidad Abriol the amount P30,000.00 without subsidiary imprisonment in case of insolvency.
"Since the accused is detained, in the service of his sentence, he shall be credited the full period of his detention.
"It is likewise ordered that the accused be transmitted to the National Bureau of Prison thru the Philippine National Police (PNP) pursuant to the Supreme Court Resolution En Banc laid down in the case of People v. Ricardo C. Cortez (GR-92580, October 15, 1991) cited in the case of People v. Cresencio C. Reyes, En Banc, GR-101127-31, August 7, 1992.
"SO ORDERED." 5
Hereunder, briefly narrated, is the evidence submitted by the prosecution.
At about five o’clock in the afternoon of 02 February 1992, Trinidad Abriol, then only thirteen years of age and a fourth-grade pupil at the Barangay Jaboyo-an Elementary School in Aroroy, Masbate, visited Alma Recaña, a friend and a schoolmate, at the latter’s house. On her way home two hours later, she chanced upon the accused 6 along the road. Moments later, the accused suddenly grabbed Trinidad’s right hand and dragged her to a cogonal area where he forced her to the ground. She struggled to break free and shouted for help until the accused poked a bolo at her neck. Then, he forced himself upon her. When it was over, the accused directed the young girl to get home but warned her of serious consequences if she were to tell on him. Trinidad arrived home at about ten o’clock that evening. She kept the ordeal to herself.
A few days later, Trinidad’s mother, learned about the rape from Sefa Recaña, a relative and neighbor, to whom Trinidad ultimately confided. Her mother lost no time in reporting the matter to the Barangay Captain. Trinidad submitted herself to a physical examination conducted by Dra. Conchita Ulanday, a municipal health officer at Aroroy, who made the following findings:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph
"1. Laceration of the hymen which is on the healing process at 3:00 o’clock and 7:00 o’clock.
"2. Two examining fingers could easily be inserted." 7
In appealing his conviction to the Court, the accused-appellant asseverates that —
"1. The trial court gravely erred in giving full credence to the testimony of the complainant which is incredible, unreliable, therefore not sufficient to sustain a conviction beyond reasonable doubt.
"2. The trial court erred in not acquitting accused-appellant when the evidence adduced by prosecution failed to overcome the presumption of evidence of innocence in their favor by clear and convincing evidence of guilt beyond reasonable doubt." 8
Appellant would want to make it appear that he and complainant were in fact lovers, and that the filing of the complaint against him was her mother’s way of having the love relationship terminated.
Like the trial court below, we are not persuaded.
The court a quo gave more credence to the statements of the prosecution witnesses rather than those of the defense witnesses. This determination must be respected; it is an old maxim that the findings of a trial court on the credibility of witnesses deserve great weight, given the clear advantage of a trial judge over an appellate magistrate, in the appreciation of testimonial evidence.
The Court itself, nevertheless, has gone over the testimony of the victim, and it finds nothing to cause any disagreement with the trial court. In a manner that is typical of an inexperienced young girl, she has testified:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph
"Q. Now, when you met this Sulpicio Capinig on your way home at around 7 o’clock of Feb. 2, 1992, what did he do to you?
Leading, we object.
"Q. What happened?
"A. He held my hand and dragged me to the cogon grasses.
"Q. What did you do when you were dragged by this Sulpicio Capinig to the grasses?
"A. I shouted and he pointed his bolo at my neck.
"Q. And what else did he do?
"A. Then he lied me down and he would something from me.
"Q. And could you tell us what was that he got something from you?
"A. Yes, sir.
"Q. What is that?
"A. He had a sexual intercourse with me.
"Q. When this Sulpicio Capinig had sexual intercourse with you what did you do?
"A. When I was already standing he again pointed his bolo also in my neck and I kept on shouting.
"Q. And what did this Sulpicio Capinig tell you, if any, when he was pointing that bolo to your neck?
Leading, we object.
Let the witness answer.
"A. He told me not to make any noise.
"Q. And how many time did this Sulpicio Capinig have sex with you?
"A. Only once.
"COURT (to the witness)
"Q. Why is the accused your uncle?
"A. Because my mother and the mother of the accused are first cousins.
"Q. And after this Sulpicio Capinig have sex with you, what else happened?
"A. When I was standing already, he lied me down again and fondled my breast.
"Q. And what happened after that?
"A. Then he again have sexual intercourse with me.
"Q. And after he has sex with you, what did you do?
"A. He lied on top of me.
"Q. And when he lied on top of you what did you do?
"A. After he lied on top of me he told me to go home and further told me not to tell to anybody or else he will kill us." 9
On cross-examination, there was no indication of wavering on her part, and she stood her ground. Thus —
"Q. Now, you said that you met the accused in the evening about 7 o’clock of Feb. 2, 1992, and you said you were dragged to the cogon grasses, how did he ever drag you?
"A. He held my hand.
"Q. Which hand, right or left?
"Q. When he held your hand did you ask him what was his intention?
"A. Yes, sir.
"Q. What did he tell you?
"A. That he will rape me.
"Q. How did he tell you that in Visaya?
"A.’Takalon daw ako niya.’
"Q. Considering that he held you and he told you that he wants to do something against you, why did you not run away?
"A. Because he was holding my hand and at that time the bolo was pointed at my neck.
"Q. The first time that he held you hand, why did you not pull it away and run?
"A. Because he held my hand tightly.
"Q. Why did you not shout for help?
"A. I shouted that time but the houses were far away.
"Q. Now, how far from the trail to the grassy field you were dragged by the accused?
A. It is far." 10
It would be extremely hard to brand Trinidad’s declaration to be just a fabrication. She was a guileless 13-year old barrio lass at the time of the rape. But as young as she was, she could not have been impervious of the dishonor that a public accusation would bring her. 11 Surely, she must have realized the ordeal, the agony, and the humiliation that she would have to undergo. It would be plain fallacy to say that she was impelled by a motive other than to bring to justice the defiler of her virtue. 12
Appellant assails the supposed procrastination of complainant in reporting the incident to the police authorities. The delay of only six days in reporting the rape cannot undermine the charge. Aside from the threat made by appellant in this case, it is not uncommon for young girls to conceal for some time an assault on their virtue. 13
The Court simply finds no valid reason to set aside the decision of the trial court appealed from.
WHEREFORE, the judgment of the court a quo is AFFIRMED, subject, however, to the MODIFICATION that the civil indemnity payable to the victim, being a minor of only 13 years of age at the time of the commission of rape and a niece of appellant, is increased from P30,000.00 to P50,000.00. Costs against Appellant
Padilla, Bellosillo, Kapunan and Hermosisima, Jr., JJ.
1. Art. 335. When and how rape is committed. — Rape is committed by having carnal knowledge of a woman under any of the following circumstances:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library
1. By using force or intimidation;
2. When the woman is deprived of reason or otherwise unconscious; and
3. When the woman is under twelve years of age, even though neither of the circumstances mentioned in the two next preceding paragraphs shall be present.
The crime of rape shall be punished by reclusion perpetua.
Whenever the crime of rape is committed with the use of a deadly weapon or by two or more persons, the penalty shall be reclusion perpetua to death.
When by reason or on the occasion of the rape, the victim has become insane, the penalty shall be death.
When the rape is attempted or frustrated and a homicide is committed by reason or on the occasion thereof, the penalty shall be likewise death.
When by reason or on the occasion of the rape, a homicide is committed, the penalty shall be death. (As amended by Rep. Act No. 2632 and Rep. Act No. 4111).
2. Presided over by Hon. Florante A. Cipres.
3. Filed by Assistant Provincial Prosecutor Roger H. Rapsing.
4. Records, p. 1.
5. Records, pp. 83-84.
6. The accused is her uncle, their respective mothers being first cousins.
7. Records, p. 54.
8. Rollo, p. 27.
9. TSN, 09 September 1992, pp. 4-5.
10. TSN, 09 September 1992, p. 8.
11. See People v. Querido, 229 SCRA 745.
12. See People v. Domingo, 226 SCRA 156.
13. People v. Malagar, 238 SCRA 512.