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[G.R. No. 10571. October 11, 1917. ]

GLICERIA MARELLA, ET AL., Petitioners-Appellants, v. ELIAS AGONCILLIO, objector-appellee.

Silvestre Apacible for Appellants.

Jose Agoncillo for Appellee.


1. REGISTRATION OF LAND; JOINT PETITIONERS; CERTIFICATE OF TITLE IN NAME OF INDIVIDUAL JOINT PETITIONER. — Held: Under the facts stated in the opinion, that a certificate of title under the Torrens system cannot be issued in favor of one of several joint petitioners, especially where there are neither allegations nor proof showing individual ownership.



This appeal presents two questions only:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

1. Whether or not the lower court committed an error in excluding (a) a strip of land composed of 300 square meters, and (b) a public road 3 meters in width from lot No. 24. Lot No. 24 is represented by plan Exhibit G and is as follows:

2. Whether or not one of several joint petitioners for the registration of land under the Torrens systems may have a portion of the land registered as his sole and separate property.

It appears from the record that the plaintiffs, on the 8th day of September, 1911, presented a petition in the Court of land Registration for the registration of 67 parcels of land which are located in various municipalities of the province of Batangas. Various oppositions were presented. Some of the oppositors withdrew their oppositions. The case was finally submitted, after trial, to the court for decisions. After a consideration of the evidence the Honorable Norberto Romualdez, judge, ordered the registration of all of said parcels of land in favor of the petitioners, but excluded from said parcels No. 24, as appears in Exhibit G above, a strip of 300 square meters lying along the lines 11-12 of said plan, as well as "un paso de unos tres metros de ancho" (a passage about 3 meters wide) on the lines 8,9,10,11, and 12. From that decision the petitioners appealed to this court.

In their first assignment of error the appellants alleged that the lower court erred in excluding the 300 square meters along the line 11-12 in favor of Elias Agoncillo. This assignment of error presents a question of fact only. The lower court found that a preponderance of the evidence supported the claim of Elias Agoncillo. We have made a careful examination of the evidence adduced concerning the right of Elias Agoncillo; and while there is some conflict in the same, we think that such evidence fairly preponderates in favor of the conclusions of the lower court.

The second assignment of error relates to the first, in that the lower court did not indicate what was the form of the said 300 square meters. Examining plan Exhibit G, we find that the line 11-12 is 162.72 meters long. That being true, and the 300 meters in question lying parallel with said line 11-12, its wide would be something less than 2 meters. The lower court ordered that the plan Exhibit G be amended. In the amendment the exact width of the said 300 square meters may be easily ascertained and established.

The third assignment of error relates to the exclusion of "un paso de unos tres metros de ancho" along the lines 8, 9, 19, 11, and 12 of said plan Exhibit G. The lower court found from the evidence that a preponderance of the same clearly showed the existence of said "callejon" or road. After a careful examination of the evidence adduced pro and con, we are convinced that the lower court made a careful estimation of the same. An examination of the record discloses that there existed from time immemorial between the lands of the petitioners and the adjoining lands from points 8 to 12 of lot No. 24,a passage both for pedestrians and vehicles; that said passage formed the boundary line between the property of the petitioners and that of Anastasio Aniversario and Elias Agoncillo; that its width was about three meters; that there existed many signs of the existence of said;callejon," for example, camanchile trees are found on both side of the same, as well as plants known as "reymoras." See declarations of Elias Agoncillo, Mariano Admana, Pedro Espinosa, and Domingo Mercado. Plan Exhibit G was prepared and presented by the petitioners. An examination of that plan disclose that the "callejon" in question is therein represented; that the west side of said "callejon" from points 8 to 10 is represented by the black lines between points 8, 9, and 10, while the east side is represented by a dotted line running parallel with the first, beginning from an unmarked point east of point 8 and ending at an unmarked point southeast of point 10; that the north side of the "callejon" between points 10 and 11 is represented by the black line between said two points, while the south side is represented by a dotted line beginning from an unmarked point southeast of point 10 and ending at an unmarked point south of point 11. The plaintiffs admit that one of said "reymoras" plants is located 3 meters north of point 11. The surveyor who prepared plan Exhibit G established the line marking the boundaries of the "callejon" by using the trees and plants above mentioned as a guide. In our trial is not sufficient to show that said "callejon" was established by the declaration of several witnesses. The title deeds presented by the petitioners failed to show that their lands covered said "paso de unos tres metros de ancho." The evidence adduced fails to show by a preponderance that the petitioners were the owners of the land covered or occupied by said "callejon."

In the fourth assignment of error, the appellant Gliceria Marella alleges that the lower court committed an error in not decreeing the registration of said lot No. 24 in her name alone. An examination of the petition presented by the plaintiffs discloses the fact that they asked for the registration of said parcel of land in the name of all of them jointly. No special request for the registration of lot 24 was made in favor of Gliceria Marella. There is no allegation in the petition to the effect that she was the sole and separate owner of said lot. Neither does not it appear that the application was amended so as to include an allegation that she was the sole and separate owner of said lot. If Gliceria Marella desired to register said lot in her own name as her sole and separate property, she should have filed a petition alone for that purpose. (Tecson v. Corporacion de PP. Dominicos, 19 Phil. Rep., 79; City of Manila v. Lack, 19 Phil. Rep., 324.)

In the case of Lim Cumpao v. Rodriguez (24 Phil. Rep., 149), we held that the petitioners could not, by an agreement among themselves, in an action for the registration of land under the Torrens systems, have the land registered in their several names. Of course, foregoing conclusion could not prohibit the petitioners from the partitioning the land among themselves after the registration under the Torrens system, either by a mutual agreement or by some judicial proceedings brought for that purpose.

After a careful examination of the entire record, we are fully persuaded that the judgment of the lower court should be and is hereby affirmed, with costs. So ordered.

Arellano, C.J., Araullo, Street and Malcolm, JJ., concur.

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