[G.R. No. 1550. March 24, 1904. ]
THE UNITED STATES, Complainant-Appellee, v. JULIO POLOSAN, Defendant-Appellant.
Leocadio Joaquin, for Appellant.
Solicitor-General Araneta, for Appellee.
1. CRIMINAL LAW; BRIGANDAGE; EVIDENCE. — Proof that the defendant had been selling slips of paper with the words quine vive written thereon, and that the money so obtained was given to the pulahanes will not support a conviction of the crime of brigandage.
D E C I S I O N
The defendant was charged with the crime of brigandage. He was tried in the Court of First Instance of the Province of Cebu, was convicted and sentenced to be imprisoned for a term of twenty years and to pay a one-fifth part of the costs. Four others, Mariano Naval, Mamerto Ornopia, Julian Ornopia, and Victoriano Labitana, were arrested and tried at the same time upon the same complaint. These latter were acquitted at the trial. Julio Polosan appealed from the sentence imposed upon him.
The proof taken in the trial shows that the defendant had, perhaps, been selling small slips of paper upon which was written the phrase quine vive, and that the money received from such sales was given to the pulahanes who then existed in said Province of Cebu. There was no proof that the defendant had robbed, conspired with others to rob, or had given aid and comfort to a band of bandits or brigands. Without such proof one can not be convicted of brigandage.
The sentence of the lower court is therefore revoked, and the accused is hereby ordered discharged, without prejudice to the right of the fiscal, if he believes the proof to be sufficient, to file a new complaint for the crime of illegal exactions.
Arellano, C.J., Torres, Cooper, Willard, Mapa and McDonough, JJ., concur.