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Republic Acts

Republic Act No. 144

PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES AND CODES - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY

REPUBLIC ACTS




REPUBLIC ACT NO. 144
AN ACT TO AMEND SECTIONS SIX, THIRTY-SEVEN, FORTY-TWO, FORTY-FOUR, FORTY-FIVE AND FORTY-SIX OF COMMONWEALTH ACT NUMBERED SIX HUNDRED AND THIRTEEN, ENTITLED "AN ACT TO CONTROL AND REGULATE THE IMMIGRATION OF ALIENS INTO THE PHILIPPINES," AND TO INSERT A NEW SECTION IN SAID ACT TO BE KNOWN AS SECTION TWENTY-TWO-A


Section 1. Section six of Commonwealth Act Numbered Six hundred and thirteen is hereby amended to read as follows:

"Sec. 6. The examination of aliens concerning their right to enter or remain in the Philippines shall be performed by Immigrant Inspectors, with the advice of medical authorities in appropriate cases. Immigrant Inspectors are authorized to exclude any alien not properly documented as required by this Act, admit any alien complying with the applicable provisions of the immigration laws and to enforce the immigration laws and regulations prescribed thereunder.

"Immigrant Inspectors are also empowered to administer oaths, to take and consider evidence concerning the right of any alien to enter or reside in the Philippines, and to go abroad and search for aliens of any vessel or other conveyance in which they believe aliens are being brought into the Philippines. Immigrant Inspectors shall have the power to arrest, without warrant, any alien who in their presence or view is entering or is still in the course of entering the Philippines in violation of immigration laws or regulations prescribed thereunder."

Sec. 2. Commonwealth Act Numbered Six hundred and thirteen is amended by inserting between Sec.s twenty-two and twenty-three thereof a new Sec. with the title "Emigration Clearance Certificate" to be known as Sec. twenty-two-A, which shall read as follows:

"EMIGRATION CLEARANCE CERTIFICATE

"Sec. 22-A. Any alien about to depart from the Philippines temporarily or for permanent residence abroad shall, before leaving the country, apply to the Commissioner of Immigration for a clearance certificate. If the Commissioner finds that the applicant has no pending obligation with the Government, its instrumentalities, agencies and subdivisions, and that there is no pending criminal, civil or administrative action which, by law requires his presence, in the Philippines, the Commissioner shall issue the certificate upon surrender of the alien or all other certificates previously issued to him by the Bureau of Immigration showing his admission and/or residence in the Philippines."

Sec. 3. Sec. thirty-seven of the same Act is hereby amended by changing the period at the end of subparagraph (8) of paragraph (a) thereof to a semicolon, and by adding a new subparagraph after the said subparagraph (8) paragraph (a) to be known as subparagraph (9), which shall read as follows:

"(9) Any alien who commits any of the acts described in Sec.s forty-five and forty-six of this Act, independent of criminal action which may be brought against him: Provided, That in the case of an alien who, for any reason, is convicted and sentenced to suffer both imprisonment and deportation, said alien shall first serve the entire period of his imprisonment before he is actually deported: Provided, however, That the imprisonment may be waived by the Commissioner of Immigration with the consent of the Department Head, and upon payment by the alien concerned of such amount as the Commissioner may fix and approved by the Department Head."

Sec. 4. Sec. forty-two of the same Act is amended by adding after paragraph (b) thereof a new paragraph to be known as paragraph (c), which shall read as follows:

"(c) A fee of twenty pesos shall be charged for the issuance of an emigration clearance certificate to an alien in the Philippines who departs for temporary or permanent residence abroad."

Sec. 5. Sec. forty-four of the same Act is hereby amended to read as follows:

"Sec. 44. (a) If any vessel or aircraft arriving at a port of the Philippines from a place outside thereof –

"(1) Fails to submit to the immigration officials at the port of arrival the crew lists and passenger manifests and other information required by regulations issued under Sec. thirty-two of this Act; or

"(2) Fails to produce or satisfactorily account for every seaman or passenger whose name appears in such crew list of passenger manifest – the pilot, master, agent, owner, or consignee of the vessel or aircraft shall be subject to a fine of fifty pesos in the case of each person concerning whom there is such failure.

"(b) If any vessel or aircraft arriving at a port in the Philippines from a place outside thereof and having an alien on board –

"(1) Fails to prevent the landing of such alien in the Philippines at any time or place other than as designated by the immigration officers; or

"(2) Refuses or fails to pay the cost of maintenance and other costs, as required by Sec. thirty-five of this Act, of such alien when temporarily removed from the vessels or aircraft for examination by order of the immigration officers; or

"(3) Refuses to receive such alien on board for removal from the Philippines, if he is excluded, or to pay the cost of his removal, if by another vessel or aircraft, as required by Sec. thirty-six of this Act; or

"(4) Makes any charge against such alien for the cost referred to in clause (2) above, or for the cost of the removal of the alien from the Philippines if he is excluded, or takes any security from the alien for the payment of any such costs – the pilot, master, agent, owner or consignee of the vessel or aircraft shall be subject to a fine of five hundred pesos for each and every violation of these provisions in the case of each person concerning from there in such violation.

"(c) If any vessel or aircraft arriving at a port in the Philippines from a place outside thereof brings on board any alien bound for the Philippines who is not properly documented as required by this Act, the pilot, master, agent, owner or consignee of the vessel or aircraft shall be subject to a fine of five hundred pesos in the case of each person brought.

"(d) The pilot, master, agent, owner, consignee, or any person in charge of a vessel or aircraft which carries passengers into the Philippines from abroad, is prohibited from allowing the passengers to disembark therefrom, unless all the passengers thereof have been checked up by the Commissioner on Immigration or his authorized representatives. A violation of the provisions hereof shall, upon conviction be punishable, by a fine of not more than one thousand pesos and by an imprisonment of not more than six months. If the offender is the owner of the vessel or aircraft the fine imposed herein shall be five thousand pesos.

"(e) Whenever the Commissioner of Immigration shall find that there has been a violation of any of the foregoing provisions of this Sec., the Commissioner of Immigration shall collect the fine and may enforce through the Collector of Customs, its payment against the vessel in the same manner as fines are collected and enforced against vessels under the customs law. The fines shall be deposited in the Philippine Treasury. No vessel shall be granted clearance pending the determination of the questions of the liability to the payment of such fine or while the fine remains unpaid, except upon deposit with the Bureau of Immigration of security sufficient to cover the fine.

"(f) No action or proceeding for the enforcement of any fine for any violation of the provisions of this Sec. shall be instituted more than five years after the violation is committed."

Sec. 6. Sec. forty-five of the same Act is hereby amended by inserting a new clause described by the letter (g), changing the clause described by the letter (g) into letter (h), and further amending the clause described by the letters (d) and (h), so that letters (d), (g) and (h) shall read as follows:

"(d) Being an alien, enters the Philippines without inspection and admission by the immigration officials, or obtains entry into the Philippines by willful, false, or misleading representation or willful concealment of a material fact; or

"(g) Being an alien, shall depart from the Philippines without first securing an emigration clearance certificates required by Sec. twenty-two-A of this Act; or

"(h) Attempts or conspires with another to commit any of the foregoing act shall be guilty of an offense, and upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than one thousand pesos, and imprisoned for not more than two years, and deported if he is an alien."

Sec. 7. Sec. forty-six of the same Act is hereby amended to read as follows:

"Sec. 46. Any individual who shall bring into or land in the Philippines or conceal or harbor any alien not duly admitted by any immigration officer or not lawfully entitled to enter or reside within the Philippines under the terms of the immigration laws, or attempts, conspires with, or aids another to commit any such act, shall be guilty of an offense, and upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than one thousand pesos, and imprisoned for not more than two years, and deported if he is an alien."

Sec. 8. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

Approved: June 14, 1947.


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