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Republic Acts

Republic Act No. 401

PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES AND CODES - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY

REPUBLIC ACTS




REPUBLIC ACT NO. 401
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 401 - AN ACT TO CONDONE ALL UNPAID INTERESTS ACCRUING FROM JANUARY FIRST NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FORTY-TWO TO DECEMBER THIRTY-FIRST NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FORTY-FIVE ON ALL OBLIGATIONS OUTSTANDING ON DECEMBER EIGHT, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FORTY-ONE, AND TO APPLY PAYMENTS OF INTERESTS PAID AFTER FEBRUARY TWENTY-EIGHT, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FORTY-FIVE, TO THE PRINCIPAL OBLIGATION IF STILL OUTSTANDING, IN CERTAIN CASES

(INOPERATIVE)

Section 1. Declaration of policy. – Rehabilitation of those who have suffered the ravages of war constitutes a prime concern of the Government. In order to afford opportunities to debtors of the Government or Government-owned or controlled corporations to rehabilitate themselves, and to enable them to pay their pre-war obligations under terms and conditions beneficial to them, it is the declared policy of the State that the condonation of interests contemplated herein be extended.

Sec. 2. All unpaid interests in favor of the Government or Government-owned or controlled corporations accruing from the first day of January, nineteen hundred and forty-two to the thirty-first day of December, nineteen hundred and forty-five, on all debts and other obligations outstanding on the eighth day of December, nineteen hundred and forty-one, shall not be demandable and are hereby condoned in the following cases:

(a) When the debtor was unable to pay an obligation which became due and demandable, or interests which should have been paid during the said period because of the refusal of the latter to accept payment or because of the failure of the creditors to open for business during the said period.

(b) When the debtor was unable to pay an obligation which became due and demandable, or interests which should have been paid, during the said period because he was prevented from doing so by reason of his activity in the resistance movement against the enemy or his imprisonment, arrest or detention by the said enemy resulting in his inability to freely pursue his normal work.

(c) When the debtor was unable to pay an obligation which became due and demandable, or interests which should have been paid during the said period because of penury caused by the ravages of the war, financial restrictions imposed by whatever authority in connection with the prosecution by the enemy of the war, or loss of his ordinary sources of income or control over them as a result thereof.

(d) When the debtor was unable to pay an obligation which became due and demandable, or the interests which should have been paid during the said period because the assets of the creditor were under the control of the enemy and/or administered through the so-called Enemy Alien Property Custodian or other enemy instrumentality, and the debtor paid the interests to it in the belief that such payment was valid and effective payment to the creditor or because of fear that failure to comply with the demand would lead to reprisals on his person or property.

Sec. 3. All interests paid on account of debts or other obligations outstanding on the eighth day of December, nineteen hundred and forty-one corresponding to the period from the first day of January, nineteen hundred and forty- two to the thirty-first day of December, nineteen hundred and forty-five, by the debtors mentioned in section one hereof, shall be applied in payment of the principal obligation, if same is still outstanding and if the payment is made from or after February twenty-eight, nineteen hundred and forty-five to the date of the effectivity of this Act.

Sec. 4. This Act shall take effect fifteen days after its publication in the Official Gazette.

Approved: June 18, 1949

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